Ethiopia?s agricultural sector, which is dominated by smallscale, mixed-crop, and livestock farming, is the mainstay of the country?s economy. It constitutes more than half of the country?s gross domestic product, generates more than 85 percent of foreign exchange earnings, and employs about 80 percent of the population. Unfortunately, Ethiopia?s dependence on agriculture makes the country particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change on crop and livestock production. Thus, a deeper understanding of the complex interdependence between changing climatic conditions and Ethiopia?s agricultural sector?together with adaptation options?is crucial.
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