You are here

Food Security

Climate change: Impact on agriculture and costs of adaptation

The unimpeded growth of greenhouse gas emissions is raising the earth’s temperature. The consequences include melting glaciers, more precipitation, more and more extreme weather events, and shifting seasons. The accelerating pace of climate change, combin

Foreign Exchange Rationing, Wheat Markets and Food Security in Ethiopia

In spite of remarkable growth in Ethiopia’s agricultural production and overall real incomes (GDP/capita) from 2004/05 to 2008/09, prices of major cereals (teff, maize, maize, wheat and sorghum) have fluctuated sharply in both nominal and real terms.

Implications of Accelerated Agricultural Growth on Household Incomes and Poverty in Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s national development strategy, A Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty for 2005/06 to 2009/10 (PASDEP) places a major emphasis on achieving high rates of agricultural and overall economic growth.

Green and Blue Water Accounting in the Limpopo and Nile Basins: Implications for Food and Agricultural Policy

Globally, most food is produced using soil moisture that comes from precipitation (i.e., “green” water). Moreover, most of the water that reaches plants in irrigated systems also stems from precipitation. Despite this, irrigation (or “blue”) water has typ

The impact of shallow tubewells and boro rice on food security in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has made notable progress in achieving food security, despite extreme population pressures, limited land resources, and an agrarian structure dominated by small and tenant farmers.

Pearl millet and sorghum improvement in India

The spread of modern varieties and hybrids of pearl millet and sorghum that began in the mid-1960s has had an important impact on small farmer welfare in India.

Institutional reform in the Burkinab cotton sector and its impacts on incomes and food security

Like other West African cotton producers, Burkina Faso’s cotton strategy has traditionally involved substantial government intervention in both input and output markets. Despite some notable successes, this state-led strategy became widely criticized by t

The mungbean transformation: Diversifying crops, defeating malnutrition

This paper traces the research, development, and dissemination of improved mungbean in Asia and examines its impact on agricultural productivity and food security. Actions to sustain the intervention and support future research are noted.

Rural and Urban Linkages: Opertion Flood's Role in India's Dairy Development

In India, dairy production is important for employment, income levels, and the nutritional quality of diets. Milk production in India is dominated by smallholder farmers including landless agricultural workers. For example, 80 percent of milk comes from f

Rich Food for Poor People: Genetically Improved Tilapia in the Philippines

The Genetic Improvement of Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) project, which operated from 1988–97, served as a launching point for tilapia improvement efforts in Asia, as well as tropical finfish genetic improvements globally.