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Food Security

Identifying Opportunities in Ghana?s Agriculture: Results from a Policy Analysis Matrix

Recent increases in cereals prices raise questions about agricultural priorities in Ghana. This report presents an application of the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) to the problem of identifying opportunities to enhance agriculture’s contribution to economi

Implementing Physical and Virtual Food Reserves to Protect the Poor and Prevent Market Failure

The 2007–08 international food price crisis caused hardship on a number of fronts. The steep rise in food prices led to economic difficulties for the poor and generated political turmoil in many countries. The crisis could also result in long-term, irreve

Measuring Agricultural Innovation System Properties and Performance

The rapidly changing nature of the global food and agriculture system suggests the need to rethink how innovation can contribute to developing-country agriculture

Advancing agriculture in developing countries through knowledge and innovation

About 75 percent of the world’s poor people live in rural areas, and most of them are involved in farming. Agricultural development in these areas is often constrained by issues of access to appropriate technologies; immense “institutional weaknesses”; an

Pro-poor biotechnology and biosafety research in partnership with developing countries: an overview of current IFPRI initiatives

The majority of poor people in developing countries rely on agriculture for their food and livelihoods. However, they are increasingly vulnerable and food insecure due to declining agricultural productivity growth, climate change susceptibility, and volat

Mapping South African farming sector vulnerability to climate change and variability: a subnational assessment

This paper analyzes the vulnerability of South African farmers to climate change and variability by developing a vulnerability index and comparing vulnerability indicators across the nine provinces of the country.

The impact of climate variability and change on economic growth and poverty in Zambia

We combined a hydro-crop model with a dynamic general equilibrium (DCGE) model to assess the impacts of climate variability

China?s growth and the agricultural exports of Southern Africa

The implications of China’s growth for the development prospects of Sub-Saharan Africa have been the subject of recent attention. Interest in this topic is motivated by the increasing presence of China in the region and the growing bilateral trade links b

Constraints to Fertilizer Use in Nigeria: Perspectives and Insights from the Agricultural Extension Service

The importance of agriculture in Nigeria’s economy cannot be understated. Farming and livestock rearing is the main livelihood for over 70 percent of households in the country. In 2008, agriculture contributed 42 percent of the country’s GDP, significantl